Published on Sep. 20, 2018
Updated on Oct. 17, 2018
At the MU Honors College, learning does not stop when the semester ends. This past summer, five honors students traveled to Bosnia through an honors study abroad program. They spent 13 days studying the history, outcomes and lasting effects of the Bosnian Genocide.
Fee Pauwels, a senior double majoring in international business and psychology, chose to be involved with the program because of its relevance to her major and its unique coursework.
“I had never been to Bosnia or that part of the world, so I didn’t really know what to expect,” Pauwels says. “America doesn’t really ever talk about Bosnia or the genocide. We figured we would learn a lot when we got there.
Honors College Director J.D. Bowers organized the trip, which was led by a survivor of the Bosnian genocide, Muhamed Durakovic. Durakovic arranged for speakers from various fields to lecture and hold discussions for the group, including political researchers and the head of the mission of the International Criminal Tribunal, the group that prosecuted the war criminals from the genocide.
“Working with Muhamed, we made sure there would be enough depth so that our students would be able to engage in exploration of the issues as they are currently playing out in Bosnia,” Bowers says. “Even though the violence in Bosnia is over, the legacy of the genocide is not, so that is really what we were looking at.”
After spending a week studying and exploring in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, the group moved on to Srebrencia to participate in the Marš Mira, or the Peace March. The Marš Mira is an annual march that mimics the route that thousands of Bosnian men walked to escape persecution during the genocide. It stretches over 70 kilometers and lasts three days.
According to Pauwels, the majority of the marchers were Bosnians honoring the legacy of their fathers and grandfathers who fled the violence via mountain trails and country roads; the same path is retraced, in reverse, for the march. Though she was surrounded by strangers, Pauwels recalls a feeling of support and togetherness throughout the hike.
“It rained the week before, so the hiking paths turned into horrible mud,” Pauwels says. “Mirroring the actual march, the hike turned into a huge column of people all struggling to get up the hills. There was one moment where I slipped, and this man behind me grabbed my backpack to lift me up and continued to push me for several minutes thereafter.”
Another student on the trip was Madison Wright, a senior journalism major. Like Pauwels, Wright was touched by how those in the march supported each other. (Editor’s Note: See below for Wright’s first-hand account of the experience.)
“I was overwhelmed by the profound sense of community and kindness demonstrated by others on the march,” Wright says. “When discussing genocide and war crimes, it is easy to lose faith in humanity, but when I was slipping in the mud and falling for what seemed like the thousandth time, there were always several people willing to help me up.”
This sense of community shared by the marchers added a deeper meaning to the march, Bowers says. While the experience was a roller coaster of emotions, going through it as a group made it even more special.
“There were feelings of pain and disbelief during the march, but also a sense of empowerment,” Bowers says. “The community of four or five thousand people on the same hike for the same purpose adds a powerful perspective.”
Though the students in the program dealt with heavy topics for most of the trip, Wright remembers her experience as a very positive one.
“It was often a difficult and heart-wrenching experience,” Wright says. “Though we were studying a difficult topic, my experience is more often defined by the beauty of Bosnia and the people I met there. Heartbreaking stories were shared, but so were stories about families, careers, children and favorite jokes.”
Pauwels emphasizes that what she learned through her study abroad experience surpasses the potential knowledge she could have gained by learning about the genocide in class.
“This was an experience that far outweighs reading about the genocide in books,” Pauwels says. “Hearing the history and experiences from survivors and locals, first hand, can only be done through this kind of experience.”
Through the trip, Pauwels learned the importance of listening, without judgment, to the people around you.
“Everyone has a story to tell and the power of listening can broaden both your perspective and your understanding,” Pauwels says. “When someone comes from a place that you don’t understand, try not to assume things or make judgments. I have so much respect for people that are willing to share their stories, and not just about genocide, but about sexual assault or stories of discrimination. It’s a lesson that can very much be applied a college campus.”
While this is the first time MU students have participated in this program, course is just one of many offered by the Honors College on genocide and its legacies. The work being done by Bowers is supported, in part, by the Cheng Program in Honors, and manifests itself in six different courses.
To learn more, visit www.honors.missouri.edu/cherng-program-in-honor.
My Journey Through Bosnia
By Madison Wright
University of Missouri
This summer, I had the opportunity to study abroad in Bosnia with four other Honors College students. This was a very unique and special experience, because we were able to intimately study the Bosnian genocide. While we explored the streets of Sarajevo and attended academic lectures, we also spent three days participating in a Peace March, hiking upwards of 60 miles through Bosnian villages and mountains. We had the privilege of meeting survivors of the genocide in Srebrenica. We visited mass graves, walked the same path as Bosnian men on the “Death March” and went to a memorial and burial service at the Potočari Memorial Center.
It was often a difficult and heart-wrenching experience. But though we were studying a difficult topic, my experience is more often defined by the beauty of Bosnia and the people I met there. Talks with survivors and treks up mountainsides were punctuated with laughter and smiles. Heartbreaking stories were shared, but they weren’t the only topics of conversation—stories about families, careers, children and favorite jokes were traded, as well.
During the Peace March, I was overwhelmed by the profound sense of community and kindness demonstrated by others. For me, at least, when discussing genocide and war crimes, it is easy to lose faith in humanity, but when I was slipping in the mud and falling for what seemed like the thousandth time, there were always several hands willing to help me up, and at times, carry me up a mountain. The most poignant example of this kindness was a woman who went into her home and brought out buckets of hot water and washed our feet and shoes for us. I was filled with gratitude for this generous, selfless kindness. She couldn’t speak English, and we struggled to convey an adequate “thank you.” There is no other word for those moments but overwhelming.
At the end of the Peace March, we walked into the Memorial Center at Potočari. This was the most visceral and impactful experience for me. Walking into the Memorial with thousands of other people—exhausted, overwhelmed, sorrowful, heavy— was more than a study abroad opportunity. It felt personal, to me, in ways that I might not have a right to say it was personal. It felt like we had accomplished something, having walked so far and having been part of such a specific type of community. It felt like unity and grief and hope and love. There was a tangible sense of heartbreak which I think was shared by everyone who walked past the lines of grieving women. There was a communal sense of empathy, which came upon us as we fell silent, walking into the enclave. There was also outrage and indignation and frustration, and no small amount of relief, that we had come so far and that we had finished the march.
My biggest takeaway from this trip was that behind every tragedy, there is so, so much more than just the numbers, statistics and politics. There are human people—their stories and their heartbreak, but also so much more. There is joy and community and I hope, someday, peace. I am incredibly thankful for this experience, and I know I will carry it with me always.